Periodontics Specialist

George B. Apelian, DDS -  - Implant Dentistry

Hilltop Dental

George B. Apelian, DDS

Implant Dentistry & General Dentistry located in Agoura Hills, CA

It’s easy to overlook the health of your gums when your teeth get all the attention. But with gum disease being the leading cause of tooth loss amongst adults, it’s incredibly important to make sure your gums stay healthy. George B. Apelian, DDS, offers exceptional periodontics services for his patients at Hilltop Dental in Agoura Hills, California, ensuring that their overall oral health stays top-notch from tooth to gum. Schedule your periodontics visit today by calling the office or booking an appointment online.

Periodontics Q & A

What is periodontics?

Periodontics is a dental specialty that focuses on the health of your gums. With gum disease as the leading cause of tooth loss amongst adults, good periodontic care is vital to your overall oral health.

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is a bacterial infection of your gums caused by a buildup of plaque and tartar on the surfaces of your teeth.

Plaque and tartar are full of bacteria that react to the carbohydrates in your food and drink. These reactions produce acids that eat away at the enamel of your teeth and irritate your gums. That irritation eventually leads to gum disease.

What are the stages of gum disease?

Gum disease occurs in two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis.

In gingivitis, the plaque and tartar on your teeth have just begun to irritate your gums, causing them to get red, tender, and swollen. 

They might bleed when you brush or floss your teeth, but no lasting damage has been done yet to their underlying structures. If left untreated, gingivitis develops into periodontitis.

In periodontitis, your gums become so irritated from the plaque and tartar that they begin to recede away from your teeth. This recession creates “pockets” between your teeth and gums. Those pockets are highly susceptible to collecting debris and bacteria. 

That debris and bacteria further irritate your gums, which causes them to recede more and create even deeper pockets. This cycle continues until the structures holding your teeth in place eventually erode and your teeth fall out.

What are the symptoms of gum disease?

The symptoms of gum disease include, but aren’t limited to:

  • Tender, red, and irritated gums
  • Gums that bleed when you brush or floss
  • A bad taste in your mouth or bad breath
  • Receding gums, or teeth that look longer
  • Teeth that feel loose, or a bite that feels like it fits together differently

Gum disease is known as a “silent killer,” however, with many patients unaware of their symptoms until the disease has already progressed into the more advanced stages. 

Dr. Apelian and the team at Hilltop Dental are trained in spotting the signs of gum disease early, making your routine cleanings and checkups all the more important. 

How is gum disease treated?

The best treatment for gum disease is prevention, which is entirely possible with good at-home care and routine dental cleanings at Hilltop Dental. 

If you do develop gum disease, however, Dr. Apelian is well-versed in a number of treatment procedures, including:

  • Scaling and root planing
  • Laser-assisted periodontal therapy (LAPT) with soft-tissue diode lasers
  • Antimicrobial agents like oral rinses and Perio-Protect®
  • Soft tissue surgeries like pocket reduction surgery
  • Hard tissue surgery (osteoplasty)
  • Bone grafts and collagen membranes

To learn more about how Hilltop Dental can keep your gums healthy, schedule a visit today by calling the office or booking an appointment online.

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